Readiness assessment for CSOs

The PESTLE Framework

The PESTLE Framework can be used to scan the institution’s external environment. It stands for political, economic, sociological, technological, legal, and environmental. Some simplify the framework and use PEST. Either way, this tool can provide an overall idea of the external environment that may influence the CSO’s ability to participate (or the SAI’s capacity for engaging with CSOs).

Ideally, the outputs of the PESTLE Framework are used in the conduct of a SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) Analysis. Strengths and weaknesses are internal environmental factors, while opportunities and threats are external. The SWOT Analysis is useful in determining an institution’s capabilities, resources, and points for improvement towards a certain goal. It can also help the CSO develop an overall strategy to engage with the SAI.

In developing the tool, some questions need to be considered regarding knowledge, skills and attitude of the individuals implementing the initiative, as well as the institutional openness and resources to deploy engagement strategies.

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TPA Initiative – ACIJ (2013): “Audit Institutions in Latin America. Transparency, Citizen Participation and Accountability Indicators”.

Cornejo, C., Guillan, A. & Lavin, R. (2013): “When Supreme Audit Institutions engage with civil society: Exploring lessons from the Latin American Transparency Participation and Accountability Initiative”, U4 Practice Insight Nº5, Bergen, U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre - Chr. Michelsen Institute.

O´Donnell, Guillermo (2001): “Horizontal. Accountability: The legal institutionalization of mistrust”, Buenos Aires, PostdataN°6, pp. 11-34.

OECD (2013): “Citizen Engagement and Supreme Audit Institutions” (Stocktaking Report: DRAFT).

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INTOSAI (2013): “Beijing Declaration”.

OLACEFS (2013): “The Santiago Declaration”.

INTOSAI (2010):“Principles of transparency and accountability”,ISSAI 20.

INTOSAI (2010):“Principles of Transparency and Accountability - Principles and Good Practices”, ISSAI 21.

INTOSAI (2007): “The Mexico Declaration on SAI Independence“, ISSAI 10.

OLACEFS (2009): “Asuncion Declaration”.

INTOSAI (1977): “Lima Declaration”.

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UN (2003): “United Nations Convention against Corruption”.